are a good source of phytonutrients. Phytonutrients are plant nutrients that
are often found in colourful fruits and vegetables.
phytonutrients have antioxidant properties and have been shown to help reduce
the risk of cancer, heart disease and stroke.
- On a minced or pureed diet, it is not recommended to eat dry
breads, dry cakes or dry biscuits. These are a choking risk. You can however mince and puree moist breads, cakes,
pancakes and muffins. These foods should be pureed well and then strained to
remove any lumps.
Mince Diet: For a minced diet, all food should be served finely mashed or chopped to 4 millimeters lump size. Then served in a thick, smooth, non-pouring sauce.
- *Fork Test: The slots/gaps between the prongs of a standard metal fork typically measure 4 mm, which meets the particle size requirement of foods on a Minced and Moist diet. Use a fork to gently press down on the food and check that the food pieces easily fit between the prongs of the fork
For more information, the International Dysphagia Diet Initiative has made a video that provides instruction on how to make a sandwich that is safer to eat on a minced diet. See the link below for instructions on how to make a Level 5 Minced & Moist sandwich:
Puree Diet: On a pureed diet, the pureed foods should have a smooth texture with no lumps. They should hold shape on a spoon, but should still be able to easily fall off the spoon when it is tilted.
- **Spoon Tilt Test: The food sample should hold its shape on the spoon and falls off fairly easily if the spoon is tilted or lightly flicked. The food sample should not be firm or sticky.
For more information about Pureed Diets, please visit:
Important: If you notice changes in your ability to chew and swallow, it is important to let your doctor know. Your doctor can refer you for a swallowing assessment